Answer to this discussion post with a minimum of 200 words. cited and references, APA style.
Screening is an essential step as it helps clinical officers in the
diagnosis of diseases. It helps to identify the cause of specific
symptoms that a patient has. It is also helpful in the early detection
and diagnosis of a disease, and therefore, it can be treated early. Many
screening tools are normally used as the most important being
population and risk assessment. When it comes to these two variables,
the USPSTF recommends that the when it is screening for the women to
check if they may be having diseases such as cancers, the care providers
should screen all the population that have family members with that
type of cancer. The example given is the case of breast cancer. In this
case the whole population that is all women related to the one having
breast cancer, ovarian, peritoneal or even tubal cancer should be
screened. The screening should use one of the several tools that are
designed for screening. This is aimed at ensuring that the increased
risk of harmful mutation in breast cancer susceptibility genes is
identified. The genes in question in this question are BRCA1 and BRCA2.
Upon the screening, women with positive screening results should be
given proper counselling on genetics in the event they are indeed
confirmed to test positive for BRCA.
Moreover, it is also essential to assess the risks that might be
associated with certain diseases or disorders. This is important because
it helps to create awareness on the risks and to identify who is more
at risk of contracting it (Moyer, 2014). Thus, the people who are more
at risk can take necessary caution and care to manage the risk. For
example, according to the guide to preventive services 2014, older
people, African Americans, and people with a family history of glaucoma
are more at risk of having glaucoma. Therefore, they should be screened
regularly (Force, 2014).
Force, U. P. T. (2014). Guide to clinical preventive services.
[accessed on 14/6/2019]
Moyer, V. A. (2014). Screening for lung cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Annals of internal medicine, 160(5), 330-338.
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